I’ve been watching the Google Glass project for a while now thinking of possible applications in surgery. Clearly the video output could be used to stream views to monitors within the room to allow all team members to see what the surgeon with the best view can see, and it would make it extremely easy to video record rare cases for use in teaching.
Use of the viewer seems like a double edge sword, as it may be incredibly useful when you want to see the patients vitals, or to review imaging such as CT scans under your own control while in a case it could be incredibly distracting. I’ll just have to try it out and see.
A couple of less obvious thoughts that I’ve had for uses:
1) Intraoperative visual consults: Obviously you gain a lot in surgery by touch, but if you just want another visual opinion, this could be easily done, and could easily be done with surgeons who are operating simultaneously wearing the glass.
2)Pathologists could send their camera output to the surgeon to demonstrate where the positive margin is.on the resected tumor.
3)Pseudo-Autonomy for residents. The attending connects to the residents camera output to monitor the procedure progression and offer suggestions without actually having his hands in the field
4) Remote/Stealth Rounds – Have the intern or midlevel provider round with Glass on. Then document LGFG(Looks Good From Glass).
Anybody willing to spot me $1500 for a developer edition set of Glass would get a serious thank you.
Made available to all ACGME residency programs. If you are not associated with an ACGME program you can take it if you can find a program director that will let you take it. Also offered to integrated vascular residencies.
There continues to be an interactive sample text here to learn the testing system.
Just a few interesting facts from this press release by the FACS. They cite that there are 600,000 colorectal operations performed per year and that 11.4% of colorectal patients are back in the hospital within 30 days, stay an average of 8 days, and cost the country 300 million dollars. These are some pretty impressive numbers and warrants investigation and intervention. They set out to define early warning signs to identify problems earlier and bring them to the attention of the surgeon. The panel of 11 experts came up with the following:
wound drainage, opening, or redness (all three of these signs can indicate an infection)
no bowel movement or lack of gas/stool from any ostomy for more than 24 hours
increasing abdominal pain
high ostomy output and/or dark urine or no urine
fever greater than 101.5
not being able to take anything by mouth for more than 24 hours
And also added medical symptoms warranting ER evaluation as:
shortness of breath
I think it’s important to focus on the patient education aspect of addressing the re-admission problems. There is a window of opportunity to prevent minor complications from becoming major complications and the patients are the best one’s to monitor these symptoms and bring them to appropriate physican’s attention.
GE is working on a robot that will run behind the scenes in the operating room. Their intent is to automate instrument transport and processing and hopefully will cut costs and demonstrate quality improvement effects unlike other robots in the operating room that still have controversy about their use. Part of this system will involve technology to identify surgical instruments via RFID during the collection process as well as building trays for future cases. I’m interested to see if the robot will participate in counting at the end of the case to standardize instrument counting and use the RFID as an extra layer of protection. The video is a little anti-climactic but explains the idea behind developing this technology for the OR.
A surgical oncologists dream is to be able to see the extent of the tumor they are resecting while they are operating room. Experimental fluorescent molecules have the capability to make tumors light up in the operative field. Very similar to the Firefly system on the Da Vinci Robot, these molecules can be tagged to tumor cells which then glow when exposed to certain wavelengths of light. While this may be huge for surgical oncologists, I am excited to see what happens when it becomes widely available and we find other uses for it.
Watch the TEDMED video below to see a possible future of surgical intervention: